Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

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Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Fri 15 May - 9:56

Clik here below

Constraint_U.pdf
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Re: Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 14:29

Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Georg K. H. Madsen and Pavel Nov ́ak
(Dated: June 19, 2007)


The following is an example of how to calculate the effective U following the prescription of ref.[1]. The following steps are described

• generating a supercell
• modifying the input files
• Perform the two SCF calculations
• calculating the U from the values in the scf file.


Last edited by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 14:36; edited 1 time in total
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Re: Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 14:31

I.GENERATING A SUPERCELL

This can be done in several ways. For the present case we chose a 2 × 2 × 2 F-centered cell. The steps are:

1. set-up the standard F-centered, a=7.927 a.u. NiO.struct file.

2. For this example choose R MT to 2.3 a.u. and 1.65 a.u. for Ni and O respectively. The result shouldn’t be too
sensitive to these choices.

3. Run supercell and choose a 2 × 2 × 2 F-centered cell.

4. Change the name of the first Ni to Ni1 (to break symmetry). This is your impurity.

5. Run x sgroup and copy NiO.struct sgroup to NiO.struct. Your struct file should now have the header:

NiO

F  LATTICE,NONEQUIV.ATOMS: 5 225 Fm-3m

MODE OF CALC=RELA     unit=  15.854002 15.854002 15.854002 90.000000 90.000000 90.000000

ATOM1: X=0.00000000 Y=0.00000000 Z=0.00000000

          MULT= 1   ISPLIT= 2

Ni1    NPT= 781 R0=0.00050000 RMT=2.3000  Z: 28.0
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Re: Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 14:46

II. RUN NORMAL SCF

Run the init as usual. Use just one k-point. For the present choose an Rkmax of 5. The original Anisimov and Gunnarsson[2] force everything but the impurity d states to be non-spinpolarized. This is not really necessary and would make our calculations more complicated. We therefore run the calculation spinpolarized, but start with only the impurity in a spinpolarized states. This also improves convergence. Modify inst so that it looks like:

Ni
Ar 3 5
3, 2,2.0  P
3, 2,2.0  P
3,-3,3.0  P
3,-3,1.0  P
4,-1,1.0  N
4,-1,1.0  N

Ni
Ar 3 5   
3, 2,2.0  N
3, 2,2.0  N
3,-3,2.0  N
3,-3,2.0  N
4,-1,1.0  N
4,-1,1.0  N

Ni
Ar 3 5
3, 2,2.0  N
3, 2,2.0  N
3,-3,2.0  N
3,-3,2.0  N
4,-1,1.0  N
4,-1,1.0  N

O
He 3 5
2,-1,1.0  N
2,-1,1.0  N
2, 1,1.0  N
2, 1,1.0  N
2,-2,1.0  N
2,-2,1.0  N

O
He 3 5
2,-1,1.0  N
2,-1,1.0  N
2, 1,1.0  N
2, 1,1.0  N
2,-2,1.0  N
2,-2,1.0  N

****
****


now run

x lstart
x dstart
x dstart -up
x dstart -dn
runsp
save NiO_orig

This is actually only to get a good starting density. The results are not needed directly.
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Re: Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 15:26

III. MODIFYING THE INPUT FILES

You now need to change in1, in2 and inc to put a constrained number of d-electrons in the core.

A. Adding d to the core.

Usually Ni 2+ has 8 d electrons. You now want to perform two calculations. One with 4.5 ↑, 4 ↓ and one with 4.5↑, 3 ↓ constrained d-electrons.[1] You thus make 4 .inc files and here the headers are given

The 4.5 ↑, 4 ↓ calculation. First atom

NiO.incup_+.50:

7 1.00
1,-1,2
2,-1,2
2, 1,2
2,-2,4
3,-1,2
3, 2,4
3,-3,5

NiO.incdn_+.50

7 1.00
1,-1,2
2,-1,2
2, 1,2
2,-2,4
3,-1,2
3, 2,4
3,-3,4

notice that a shift has been added to improve convergence.

The 4.5 ↑, 3 ↓ calculation. First atom

NiO.incup_+.5-1:

7 1.00
1,-1,2
2,-1,2
2, 1,2
2,-2,4
3,-1,2
3, 2,4
3,-3,5


NiO.incdn_+.5-1

7 1.00
1,-1,2
2,-1,2
2, 1,2
2,-2,4
3,-1,2
3, 2,4
3,-3,2


B. Removing impurity d states from valence states

First you want to remove d from impurity basis this is usually done by setting the linearization energy far above the Fermi level. You only need to change one number.[3] The first lines of in1 should now look like

WFFIL       (WFPRI, SUPWF)

5.00        10       4   (R-MT*K-MAX; MAX L IN WF, V-NMT)
0.30    4     0     (GLOBAL E-PARAMETER WITH n OTHER CHOICES, global APW/LAPW)

1     0.30       0.000 CONT 1
1     -4.95      0.000 STOP 1
2    20.30      0.000  CONT 1
0    0.30        0.000 CONT 1

Secondly you need to remove the d impurity electrons from the valence. You thus need two in2 files. The original NiO supercell had 176 valence electrons. You have put 8.5 and 7.5 electrons into the core. The header of your in2 files should thus look like

NiO.in2_+.50:

TOT  (TOT,FOR,QTL,EF )

-9.0   167.5 0.50 0.05  

GAUSS   0.006



NiO.in2_+.5-1:

TOT   (TOT,FOR,QTL,EF)

-9.0  168.5 0.50 0.05

GAUSS 0.006

The unit-cell neutrality is thus kept. Notice that a GAUSS smearing has been added to improve convergence.
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Re: Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 15:27

IV. RUNNING THE SCF

Now you are ready to run the constrained calculations. Run:

cp NiO.in2_+.50 NiO.in2
cp NiO.incup_+.50 NiO.incup
cp NiO.incdn_+.50 NiO.incdn
runsp
save NiO_+.50

afterwards do the same thing for +.5-1. Usually you can just start from the converged density.
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Re: Calculating the effective U in APW methods. NiO

Post by Algerien1970 on Wed 8 Jul - 15:30

V. CALCULATING THE U FROM THE VALUES IN THE SCF FILE

To apply Eq. (4)[1] you need four values that can be found in the SCF files.

grepline :fer ’NiO_+.50.scf’ 1
gives ε F ((n + 1)/2, n/2)
grepline :3dd001 ’NiO_+.50.scf’ 2 | head -2 | tail -1
grepline ’:3d 001’ ’NiO_+.50.scf’ 2 | head -2 | tail -1
Do a weighted sum of these two values (4 ∗ 3dd001 + 5 ∗ 3d001)/9 = ε 3d↑ ((n + 1)/2, n/2). And similarly for +.5-1. 

By plying Eq. (4) you should then get F eff = 0.438 Ry= 5.96 eV. In Ref. [1] we argue that you should use this value for U and set J to zero

Have fun
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